HSC Use of Modifiers All Board Question and Answer PDF Download

HSC Use of Modifiers All Board Question and Answer

PDF Download Question No. 09

HSC ইংরেজি ২য় পত্র সকল বোর্ড এর প্রশ্ন ও উত্তর ডাউনলোড

Question 1.  Arsenic is a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) substance. It is (b) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify theadjective) dangerous for human health. (c) — (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) substance is found in the water of the tubewell. There are (d) – — (use quantifier to pre-modify tie noun) villages in (e) —- (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country. Most of our (f) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) people drink tubewell water. As a result, many of them are suffering from arsenic problem. This problem is (g) – (pre-modify the verb) found in North Bengal. We should take proper measures (h) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive phrase). Government is trying to mark the tubewells having arsenic (i) — (use a participle to post modify the verb) red colour. People should be refrained from drinking water of (j) – (use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) tubewells. Otherwise, they will suffer from arsenicosis.

 [DB ’19; Meherpur Govt. Mahila College, Meherpur-2017; Mahila College, Chattagram-2017; Mahila College, Chattogram-2016)                  Question 2.Taking food is essential. We take food (a) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). Wecannot survive on earth if we do not take food. In fact (b) — (use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun phrase) living beings need to take food. But it is a matter of great regret that (c) (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) food is being adulterated. (d) — (use a noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) adulteration is increasing (e) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adverb) alarmingly that we cannot stop it. (f) — (use a determiner to pre-modify the noun phrase) dishonest businessmen use (g) – (pre-modify the noun) chemicals in food and fruits to make illegal and quick money. But they do not think about (h) – (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) health. (i) — (use present participle) adulterated food, people get sick. They are often attacked with different fatal diseases. So (j) (use a gerund) food safety is a must today.

(RB ’19]

Question 3.  Air and water are the most (a) — (pre-modify the noun with an adjective) elements of theenvironment. But we pollute them (b) – (post-modify the verb with an adverb). Mills and factories use fuel (c) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) their products. The burning of this fuel creates smoke (d) — (post-modify the verb with an adverbial). Motor vehicles also pollute the air, (e) – (use an appositive). Water is polluted by (f) – (pre-modify the noun with a quantifier) kinds of waste and filth. We pollute water (g – (post-modify the verb with present participle phrase) into water. Farmers use (h) – (pre modify the noun with an adjective) fertilizers and insecticides and pollute water. (i) — (pre-modify the noun with a past participle) water is (j) — (pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) harmful to health.

(JB ’19; Jashore Gout. Mohila College-2018; Savar College-2017]

Question 4.  Newspaper plays a very (a) —- (pre-modify the noun) role in modern civilization. It publishes news and views of home and abroad. Only (b) – (pre-modify the noun) knowledge is not enough in this competitive world. A newspaper helps a man (c) – (post modify the verb with infinitive) his general knowledge. Besides academic books, one should read newspapers (d) — (post modify the verb). Newspaper helps one (e) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) the facts of the world. (1) – (pre-modify the verb with a present participle phrase) regularly, one can be aware of everything. There are (g) – (pre-modify the noun) kinds of newspaper. One should select the newspaper (h) — (postmodify the verb). One should choose the (i) — (pre-modify the noun) paper because many newspapers present news partially. Whatever the paper is, it (j) – (pre-modify the verb) helps a man.

(CB ’19; Ispahani Public School & College, Cumilla Cantt.-2018; Ibn Taimiya School & College, Cumilla-2018; Adhyapak Abdul Majid College, Cumilla-2018; Mirzapur Cadet College, Tangail-2017; Milestone College, Uttara, Dhaka-2017]

Question 5.  We can’t think of our existence without language. It plays a (a) — (use an intensifier) important role in our life. We use language from the time we wake up (b) — (post-modify the verb) till we go to bed at night. We use language not only in our (c) — (pre-modify the noun) hours but also in our dreams. We use language (d) – (use an infinitive) what we feel and to say what we like or dislike. We also use language (e) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) information. Language is (f) – (pre-modify the adjective) present in our life. It is an (g) – (pre-modify the noun) part of our life. As an (h) — (pre-modify the noun) nation, we also have a language. But we had to struggle (i) — (post-modify the verb) to establish the right of our language. Many (j) — (pre-modify the noun) sons sacrificed their lives for the language.

(CtgB ’19)

Question 6.  A library is a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) of knowledge. The students (b) — (use a participle) to all classes visit it in their library periods. Our college library is housed in two rooms. (c) — (pre-modify the noun) almirahs are placed in one room. The other room is the (d) – (use a participle to modify the noun) room where magazines, journals and newspapers are placed. There are about five thousand books in our library which are arranged (e) — (post-modify the verb). Any type of book can be traced in no time. The books cater to the needs and interests (f) — (use a prepositional phrase). There are two separate sections in the library. One of them contains reference books like (g) – (use nouns) etc. The other section contains books (h) — (use prepositional phrase). Every student has a library (i) —- (use a noun). The reading room is always crowded (j) — (post-modify the verb) in the afternoon.

[SB ’19]

Question 7.  The roads (a) — (use an adjective phrase to post-modify the noun) are beset with problems. (b) — (pre-modify the noun) driving is one of them. Most of the drivers are not (c) —- (pre-modify the participle) trained. They are not well educated. They can (d) —- (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb) put their signature and read Bengali. They are indifferent to (e) – (use a noun adjective) life. They do not realize that life is (f) —- (use a determiner) valuable than time. They drive (g) – (postmodify the verb). They do (h) — (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb) drive consciously. Even they themselves are not conscious of (i) —– (use a possessive) own lives. They drive (i) —(use an adverb phrase to post-modify the verb) and try to overtake others. [BB ’19; Adamjee Cantonment College, Dhaka-2018]

Question 8.  Bangladesh is a (a) – (pre-modify the noun) country. Though it is a small country, it has a (b) -(pre-modify the noun) population. People (c) —– (pre-modify the verb with an adverb) depend on agriculture. They grow different kinds of crops (d) — (post-modify the verb with an adverbial phrase). We earn (e) — (pre-modify the noun with a noun adjective) currencies by exporting some of these crops. We are also rich in (1) —- (pre-modify the noun with an adjective) resources. Now, we are able (g) —- (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) natural gas from underground. Our industries are also rising (h) — (post-modify the verb with an adverb). We export (i) — (pre-modify the noun with a noun-adjective) products to the developed countries. In this regard, we have already earned a (j) – (pre-modify the noun) reputation.

DjB ’19

Question 9.  Television has become the most common and (a) —– (pre-modify the noun) source of entertainment of the (b) – (pre-modify the noun) world. A wide range of programs of (c) — (pre-modify the adjective) interest is telecast on (d) —— (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) channels. Almost every middle class and even working class families have a television set today. (e) —- (use a nounadjective to pre-modify the noun) programs are (f) — (pre-modify the adjective) entertaining. They can be (g) – (pre-modify the adjective) educative too. Courses (h) — (post modify the noun) by the Open University are shown on BTV. (i) — (pre-modify the noun) channels like the Discovery Channel and the National Geographic Channel telecast highly informative programs. However, watching TV has become (j) — (use an article) addiction for many. (Combined Board ’18 (Code-184)]

Question 10.  Kazi Nazrul Islam is called the Shelley of Bengali Literature. He was a (a) ——- (pre-modify the noun) poet. He wrote (b) —— (post-modify the verb) in every branch of Bengali Literature. Nazrul, (c) — (use an appositive), won the attention of everyone in his early childhood. He wrote ceaselessly until the death of (d) — (use possessive pronoun) poetic flair. He composed his songs (e) —- (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). His songs are (f) —- (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) melodious. He enriched the Bengali Literature (g) —- (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb). His literary works have enriched (h) —- (use a noun adjective) literature. He was (i) ——- (use an article) secular poet. He sang the songs of equality ( ) —- (use an adverbial phrase).

(Combined Board ’18 (Code-185); SB’17; SOS Hermann Gmeiner College, Mùpur, Dhaka-2018; Ghatail Cantonment Public School & E College, Tangail-2018; Govt. Nurunnahar Mohila College, Jhenidah–2018; Cumilla Victoria Govt. College, Cumilla-2018)

Question 11.  Deforestation means cutting down of trees (a) – (post-modify the verb). To meet up the basic needs of food and housing, trees are being cut in large scale and thus it causes (b) —- (pre-modify the noun) imbalance. Besides, there are some dishonest people who cut trees in our forest (c) —- (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). The (d) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) level is ‘rising and many parts of the world are going to be engulfed by the sea in near future. New areas of the world are (e) — (use a participle to pre-modify the verb) turned into desert as a result of deforestation. So, we must stop (1) — (use a participle to post-modify the verb) down trees unnecessarily. (g) – (use a participle to pre-modify the noun) trees indiscriminately will be hazardous for our future existence. If we destroy trees (h) – (use an adverbial phrase to postmodify the verb) one day the country will turn into a great desert. The (i) —- (use a participle to premodify the noun) temperature will cause green house effect. Necessary measures should be taken (i) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb).

 (DB17; Barishal Govt. Women’s College, Barishal-2018]

Question 12.  Ayesha Begum has three sons and two daughters. Her husband was a (a) ——- (pre-modify the noun) farmer who used (b) — (post-modify the verb by using infinitive) on other people’s land. With great effort they married (c) — (use a pronoun) daughters off by the time they reached teenage. The sons also started (d) —- (use present participle to modify the verb) with their father as (e) – (pre-modify the noun) labourers when they were old enough to help. By the time they were seventeen, they left for towns (1) —- (use infinitive to post-modify the verb) money. At first they used to send money to their parents (g) – (use an adverb to post-modify the verb) but after getting married they barely had enough to support their (h) – (pre-modify the noun) families. Out of desperation; Ayesha Begum started (i) — (post-modify the verb) in the village to feed her old, (j) —- (pre-modify the noun) husband and herself.

আরো পড়ুন:  ৬ষ্ঠ থেকে ১৬ তম বেসরকারি শিক্ষক নিবন্ধন পরীক্ষার স্কুল লেবেলের গণিত প্রশ্ন সমাধান পিডিএফ ডাউনলোড

(RB ’17; SOS Hermann Gmeiner College, Mirpur, Dhaka-2018; · Moulvibazar Govt. Women’s College, Moulvibazar-2018; Meherpur Pouro College-2017; Dinajpur Govt. College, Dinajpur-2017]

Question 13.  A village doctor is a very (a) —- (pre-modify the noun) person in the rural areas of Bangladesh. He is (b) — (pre-modify the verb) known as quack. A village doctor is not a (c) – (pre-modify the noun) doctor. He usually sits in a small dispensary (d) — (post-modify the verb). He treats the patients (e) – (use a participle phrase to post-modify the verb). A village doctor is not a (f) —- (pre-modify the noun) man. His chamber is (g) — (pre-modify the verb) furnished. He cannot supply costly medicine to (h) —- (pre-modify the noun) patients. In our country, the number of qualified doctors is (i) (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) few. So, a village doctor is a great friend to the (j).(pre-modify the noun) villagers.

(JB’17; Govt. Jaheda Safir Women’s College, Jamalpur-2018; Brahmanbaria City Model College-2018; Chandpur Govt. College, Chandpur-2017; Pirojpur Govt. Women’s College-2017]

Question 14.  A balanced diet is a good mixture of (a) —- (pre-modify the noun) foods. It is essential for us (b) – (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) a healthy life. There are many benefits of eating a (c) – (pre-modify the noun) diet because it prevents (d) — (use determiner to pre-modify the noun) diseases. As a result we do not get sick (e) —- (post-modify the verb with an adverb). We should select (1) —- (pre-modify the noun with possessive) diet according to our needs. We should not eat the (g) —- (use adjective to pre-modify the noun) foods for the whole week. We can keep fit (h) – (use a participle) a balanced diet. But it is not easy (i) —- (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) a balanced diet. Here (j) — (use a determiner) nutritionist can help us.

(CB’17; Govt. Science College, Tejgaon, Dhaka-2018; Al-Amin Academy School & College, Chandpur-2018; Dinajpur Govt. College-2018; Tejgaon College, Dhaka-2017; Gout. Shah Sultan College, Bogura-2017; Gout. Shaheed Bulbul College, Pabna-2017]

Question 15.  The people of Bangladesh have expressed their shock (a) —- (post-modify the verb) at the reaction of the Pakistan Parliament. Pakistan strongly protested the execution of two (b) — (pre-modify the noun) collaborators who committed crimes against humanity on their own people in 1971. There is a demand for apology from (c) —- (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) government for the crimes of its army during the liberation war of Bangladesh. Recently Pakistan’s National Assembly may be within its rights (d) ——– (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) for the execution of two collaborators. But it is quite clear to us that Pakistan always tries to erase its past history. To erase (e) — (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) history is not easy because history continues to follow all of us. Pakistan, (j) ——- (post-modify the noun with an appositive), cannot come out of its military influence. As a result, the country has become (g) – (use an intensifier to premodify the adjective) barbarous. So, Pakistan is going down (h) — (use an adverb to post-modify the verb). The founder of Pakistan Mr. Jinnah was physically (i) —- (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) weak and so, the state always tried to show its physical strength since () — (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) birth.

(CtgB’17; Cantt. Public School & College, Jahanabad, Khulna-2018]

Question 16.  Raja, (a) —- (post-modify the noun with an appositive), is known to his classmates as a good student. He has (b) ——- (use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun) good qualities. He knows that the (c) —- (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) duty of a student is to study and he never neglects (d) —- (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) duty. He prepares (e) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) lessons regularly. He maintains discipline. He knows the value of time. He gets up (f) —- (post-modify the verb with an adverb) so that he can get enough time to study. He goes to school (g) —- (post-modify the verb with an adverb). He never wastes a (h) — (use determiner to pre-modify the noun) moment in vain. Raja is (i) — (pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) gentle. He always obeys his parents and teachers. He never mixes with (j) — (pre-modify the noun) boys. A student like Raja is a great asset of a nation. (BB’17; Gulshan Commerce College, Gulshan, Dhaka-2018;

Govt. Begum Rokeya College, Rangpur-2018; Gulshan Commerce College, Dhaka-2017; Narayariganj College, Narayanganj-2017]

Question 17.  Sabbir is (a) — (use determiner to pre-modify the noun phrase) ideal student. He prepares (b) (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) lessons in collaboration with his teachers. He does (C) — (post-modify the verb) in every examination as he does not waste time. He knows time once lost is lost for ever. So, he utilizes every moment. During his free time he goes to his native village. He teaches (d) – (pre-modify the noun) people. He wants (e) – (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) illiteracy from his village. (f) ———- (use present participle to pre-modify the verb) illiteracy from his village, he wants to bring about massive development there. He is (g) – (use an intensifier to premodify the adjective) devoted to God. He says prayer (h) — (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) times a day. He never tells a lie. He respects his parents very much. Other superiors are also respected by him. His father, (i) —- (post-modify the noun phrase with an appositive) supports him cordially. His mother, an ideal housewife, () — (pre-modify the verb) supports him very much. Such a student like Sabbir is rarely found nowadays.

[DjB’17; Hajigonj Model Govt. College, Hajigonj-2018; Cumilla Commerce College, Cumilla-2017]

Question 18.  Rabindranath Tagore was a (a) —- (pre-modify the noun) poet of Bengali literature. He was born in a(b) —— (pre-modify the noun) family at Jarasanko, Kolkata. He went to school (e) —- (post-modify the verb). He wrote his (d) —- (pre-modify the noun) verse at the age of eight. At the age of seventeen, he went to London (e) —- (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) school there. He was put up in a lodging house under the care of a (1) ———- (pre-modify the noun) coach, Mr. Scott. He was lucky (g) ——– (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) an English family of Mr. Scott. He also visited the House of Parliament (h) ——- (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) Gladstone and John Bright’s debates on Irish rule. He wrote letters to Kolkata (i) — (post-modify the verb with a present participle) English society. At this, his family thought that they might lose their son () —- (postmodify the verb). So, he was called back to Kolkata.

DB ’16; Narayanganj Govt. Mohila College, Narayanganj-2018; Viqarunnisa Noon College, Dhaka-2017; Mohammadpur Preparatory Higher Secondary School, Dhaka-2017]

Question 19.  It was a hot (a) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) day. A (b) – (pre-modify the noun) crow flew all over the fields looking for water. For a long time, she could not find any water. She felt (c) —(use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) weak, almost giving up hope. Suddenly, she saw a water jug below her. She flew (d) – (post-modify the verb) to see if there was any water inside. Yes, she could see some water inside the jug. The crow tried (e) —- (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). Sadly, she found that the neck of the jug was too narrow. Then she tried to push the jug down for the water to flow out. But she found (1) —- (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) jug too heavy. The Crow thought (g) – (use a phrase to post-modify the verb) what to do. (h) — (use a participle to pre-modify the verb), she saw some pebbles nearby. She (i) — (premodify the verb) had a good idea. She started picking up the pebbles one by one, dropping each into the jug. As more and more pebbles filled the jug, the water level kept rising. Soon it was high ) – (post-modify the adjective) for the crow to drink. The crow quenched her thirst and flew away.

(RB ’16; Uttara High School & College, Uttara, Dhaka-2018; Gout. Hazi Mohammad Mohsin College, Chattogram-2018]

Question 20.  Most of the people in (a) = (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country do not know the importance of English. In fact, it is an (b) —– (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) language and we are living in a (c) – (pre-modify the noun) village. So, if you know English (d) —- (post- modify the verb with an adverb), you can communicate with (e) — (use article to pre-modify the noun phrase) rest of the world. It is surely an important element of your (f) —- (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) skill. Without the knowledge of English with proper understanding, you cannot complete (g) – (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) higher studies because most of the books are written in English in the process.of higher education. Poor knowledge of English will also hamper your (h) – (use a noun-adjective) development. In short, if you do not have a good command of English, you will suffer (i) —- (post-modify the verb with prepositional phrase/ Adverbial) of your life. So, don’t waste your time and try to learn English (f) — (post-modify the verb with an adverb) from today.

JB ’16: Shaheed Bir Uttam Lt. Anwar Girls’ College, Dhaka-2018; Palash Thana Central College, Narsingdi-2018: BN School & College, Khulna-2018; Faujdarhat Cadet College, Chattogram-2017; Narsingdi Science College, Narsingdi-2017; Rani Bhawani Govt. Women’s College, Natore-2017; Jashore Govt. Mohila College-2017]

Question 21.  I had a peculiar experience (a) — (Post-modify the verb) while travelling to St. Martin’s Island. visited the island along with my family. Zahid, (b) — (Post-modify the noun with an appositive), was our guide. On our way to the island, we watched (c) – (use a determiner to pre-modify the noun) sea gulls. The (d) — (pre-modify the noun) birds were flying (e) – (post-modify the verb) with the ship. They became (f) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) dear and friendly to us. We entertained them with chips and biscuits. (g) – them (use a present participle to pre-modify the verb), we became (h) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) excited. We decided (i) – (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) in the idyllic island for a couple of days. We can never forget (i) (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the adjective phrase) lovely sea birds.

আরো পড়ুন:  এইচ এস সি পদার্থ বিজ্ঞান ২য় পত্র অধ্যায় -১৩ আপেক্ষিক তত্ত্ব ও জ্যোতি পদার্থ বিদ্যা এর সকল গুরত্বপূর্ণ প্রশ্ন সমাধান ও Suggestion PDF ডাউনলোড

 [CB ’16; Islamia Govt. College, Sirajganj-2018; BN College, Dhaka-2017; Chapainawabganj Govt. Women’s College-2017)

Question 22.  Once there lived a (a) (pre-modify noun) — fox in a jungle. One day, while he was walking (b) – (post-modify the verb) through the jungle, he fell into a trap and lost his tail. He felt (c) —— (premodify the adjective) unhappy and sad. But the fox was very cunning. He hit upon a plan. He invited all the foxes (d) – (post modify the verb with an infinitive) to a meeting. When all the foxes arrived, the fox without a tail said, “My dear friends, listen to me, please, I have discovered a (e) —- (premodify the noun) thing. It is that our tails are (f) — (pre-modify the adjective) useless. They look ugly and dirty. So, we all should cut off our tails, shouldn’t we?” All foxes listened to the cunning fox (g) – (post-modify the verb). Most of them agreed (h) —_ (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) their tails. But an old and (i) —- (pre-modify the noun) fox said to him, “My friend, your plan is nice but evil. Actually, you want to cut off our tails because you have (j) – (pre-modify the noun with a determiner) tail of your own.”

(CtgB ’16; Chuadanga Govt. College, Chuadanga-2018; Notre Dame College, Dhaka-2017; Muminunnisa Govt. Women’s College, Mymensingh-2017; Govt. Syed Hatem Ali College, Barishal-2017]

Question 23.  Othello, (a) — (use an appositive to post-modify the noun), had risen to become a general. He had shown his bravery in many (b) – (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) battles against the Turks. Everyone praised him (c) —- (use an adverb to post-modify the verb) and the senate trusted and honoured him. Brabantio, a rich senator of Venice had a daughter named Desdemona (d) — (use a relative clause to post-modify the noun). Brabantio (e) – (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb) invited Othello to his house where he and his daughter listened in wonder to Othello as he spoke about his adventures. He told them of deserts, of caves and of mountains high (1) – (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) to touch the sky. Desdemona had to weep (g) – (use a present participle to post-modify the verb phrase) and she never became tired of listening to it. She pitied Othello (h) —- (use an adverb to post-modify the verb) for the misfortunes and hardships of his life. Her pity (i) —- (use an adverb to post-modify the verb) turned to love. She refused all the young men (j) – (use an infinitive to post-modify the verb) because she loved Othello, a noble Muslim Moor from North Africa.

(SB’16; Joypurhat Govt. College, Joypurhat-2018; Lions School & College, Rangpur-2018; Dhaka Imperial College-2017; Feni Govt. College, Feni-2017; Sylhet Govt. College-2017)

Question 24.  A village doctor is a (a) —- (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) familiar person in the rural areas of Bangladesh. He is (b) – (pre-modify the verb) known as a quack. A village doctor is not a (c) — (pre-modify the noun) doctor. He (d) — (pre-modify the verb) sits in a small dispensary in the morning and evening. He treats the patients (e) – (use a participle to post-modify the verb) small fees. A village doctor is not a (f) – (pre-modify the noun) man. His chamber is (g) — (premodify the verb) furnished. He cannot supply costly medicines to the (h) — (pre-modify the noun) patients. In our country, the number of qualified doctors is (i) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) few. So, a village doctor is a great friend to the (i) —- (pre-modify the noun) people.

[BB’16; Noakhali Govt. Women’s College, Noakhali-2018; Madan Mohan College, Sylhet-2018; Major General Mahmudul Hasan Adarsha College, Tangail-2017; Govt. Yasin College, Faridpur-2017; Bera Al-Hera Academy School & College, Pabna-2017]

Question 25.  Water is a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) substance. It has no colour of (b) —- (possessive to pre modify) own. The (c) (determiner to pre-modify the noun) name of water is life. By drinking water, we can quench (d) – (possessive to pre-modify the noun) thirst. Thus we can survive on earth. But (e) – (pre-modify the noun) water is life killing. By drinking contaminated water, we suffer from diseases like diarrhoea, typhoid etc. We may (1) – (pre-modify the verb) face (g) (pre-modify the noun) death by drinking such type of water. We are responsible for (h) —- (noun adjective to premodify the noun) pollution. Waste imaterials from mills and factories are thrown here and there. Farmers use fertilizers and insecticides in their land. During the rainy season, they are mixed with ponds and rivers. Besides, latrines (i) – (participle to post-modify the noun) on ponds and rivers cause water pollution. (i) – (pre-modify the noun) awareness should be raised to stop water pollution.

(DjB’16; Dhaka City College, Dhaka-2018; Naogaon Govt. College, Naogaon-2018; – Cumilla Govt. College, Cumilla-2018; Shaheed Police Smrity College, Mirpur, Dhaka-2017; Gout. B.L College, Khulna-2017]

Question 26.  A few days ago, the (a) —— (pre-modify the noun with a noun adjective) ceremony was held. We invited our friends and relatives (b) — (post-modify the noun with infinitive phrase). The (c) – (pre-modify the noun) guests started to come in the evening. We received them (d) — (post-modify the verb). We all were waiting (e) (post-modify the verb with infinitive) the bridegroom. The groom came at about 8 p.m. We were happy (f) – (post-modify the adjective with infinitive phrase). The groom came (g) —- (post-modify the verb with a present participle) wedding dress. He was looking (h) _ (pre-modify the adjective with intensifier) smart and handsome. I took him to the stage (i) – (post-modify the verb with a present participle) his hand. He took his seat. The Quazi solemnized the marriage () – (post-modify the verb with present participle phrase) from the Holy Quran.

[Mymensingh Girls” Cadet College, Mymensingh-2018; BAF Shaheen College, Chattogram-2018]

Question 27.  Education (a) — (use appositive to post-modify the noun) is essential for development. We can improve (b) — (possessive to pre-modify the noun) mind. An (c) —- (adjective to pre-modify the noun) person has the ability (d) – (infinitive phrase). One can refine one’s sensibility (e) – (present participle phrase). Actually, the educated are able to bring about (f) — (pre-modify the noun) development. On the other hand, an (g) — (pre-modify the noun) person (h) – (adverb to pre-modify the verb) lag behind. So, the educated should come forward (i) —- (prepositional phrase) educating all in the society to unload (i) — (use determiner) owes to the country.

[Mirzapur Cadet College, Tangail-2018; Ideal College, Central Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-2018]

Question 28.  It is difficult (a) —— (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) in Bangladesh if you do not have any experience of driving here. Drivers change lanes (b) — (post-modify the verb). As a foreigner you may find (c) — (pre-modify the noun) changing without signals quite distressing. Many drivers are not at all aware of (d) – (pre-modify the noun) signals. Auto rickshaws and rickshaws move in and out in a (e) —- (pre-modify the noun) way. They try (f) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) wherever they find some space. Sometimes drivers drive (g) —- (post-modify the verb) to reach their destinations. This often causes serious (h) – (pre-modify the noun with a noun-adjective) accidents. (i) — (pre-modify the verb with a present participle phrase), it is not easy to move with your car here. If you want to move (j) —- (post-modify the verb), you have to practice driving for some days.

(Cumilla Cadet College, Cumilla-2018]

Question 29.  I experienced a very interesting incident (a) —- (Post-modify the verb) on my way to Dinajpur. My friend Tamalika (b) —— (Post-modify the noun with an appositive) was driving. A cow was crossing the road but suddenly in the middle of the road it stopped and remained standing. In a minute Tamalika had to change her course but she didn’t have (c) — (Pre-modify the noun) time and space to do that. Tamalika tried to turn in the left when the cow too walked (d) — (Post- modify the verb) back a few steps. To save (e) – (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) cow Tamalika had to move to the right. She lost her control and bumped the car with a (f) — (Use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) tree. (g) — (Use a participle to pre-modify the verb) Tamalika was shocked but she was (h) —- (Use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) happy (i) — (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). She patted the (j) — (Pre-modify the noun) cow and burst into laughter.

(Rajshahi Cadet College, Rajshahi-2018]

Question 30.  Once a cake was stolen by two cats from (a) —— (use article to pre-modify the noun) house. But each of the cats claimed that it was his earning and was not prepared (b) – (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) a share to the other. When (c) – (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) quarrel reached the climax, a monkey appeared (d) – (Post-modify the verb with prepositional phrase). He offered himself (e) —- (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) the dispute. Somehow the cats agreed to his suggestion. Then the monkey took the cake and divided it into (f) – (Use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) parts. He weighed each of the parts separately, and found that one was heavier than the other. So he gave a good bite to the (g) — (Use an adjective to premodify the noun) piece to make it of lesser weight, and weighed it again. Now he found the other part’ heavier. He followed the same process (h) —- (Post-modify the verb with an adverbial). And the cake was almost eaten up by the (i) —- (Use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) monkey this way. So the cats wanted the remaining parts back from the monkey. At this, the monkey said that they could not get them back, because he engaged his time for them. So saying, the monkey swallowed the two small pieces of the cake and jumped (j) — (Post-modify the verb with prepositional phrases) of a tree, beyond the reach of the cats.

(Rangpur Cadet College, Rangpur-2018; Kalikapur Abdul Matin Khasru Degree College, Burichang, Cumilla-2018; Ispahani Public School & College, Chattogram-2017)

Question 31.  Mother is an (a) —- (use an adjective phrase to pre-modify the noun) blessing in the world. Mother’s Day is a (b) —- (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) significant day observed as a (c) – (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) occasion in honour of mothers. The day was for the first time, announced as a formal holiday in the United States of America. Mother’s day is now observed (d) —- (use an adverbial phrase to post-modify the verb) as elsewhere around the world. The sons and daughters (e) —— (Use an adverb to pre-modify the verb) wait for this day. They buy some special presents for their (1) – (Use a superlative degree to pre-modify the noun) mother. When they offer the presents, the mother becomes very happy. It brings a (g) – (Use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) happiness between a mother and (h) – (Use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) children. The bond of relationship between mother and children becomes everlasting. The mother (i) (Use an adverb to pre-modify the verb) draws her children with her motherly affection. In this way, we pay a (j) – (Use a participle to pre-modify the noun) tribute to our dear mothers. [Pabna Cadet College, Pabna-2018: St. Joseph Higher Secondary School, Mohammadpur, Dhaka-2017; Jhenidah Cadet College,

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Jhenidah-2016; Abdul Kadir Mollah City College, Narsingdi-2016, Khulna Govt. Girls’ College, Khulna-2016]

Question 32.  It was a cold (a) — (use a noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) morning. A farmer was going to his field (b) – (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) seed. On the way he saw a snake (c) — (post-modify the noun with a present participle) on the ground. The farmer went near it (d) — (postmodify the verb with an infinitive) what happened to it. It was almost dead in cold. He took pity on the snake. He put it (e) — (post-modify the verb) and brought it home. (f) — (pré-modify the verb with a present participle phrase) by the fire, he took care of it. Then he gave it (g) — (pre-modify the noun) milk. Soon the snake got well. It began (h) – (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) with the children of the farmer. But the snake showed its (i) —- (pre-modify the noun) nature and bit one of the children, (j) —- (pre-modify the verb with a present participle phrase), the farmer killed the snake.

[Faujdarhat Cadet College, Chattogram-2018

Question 33.  Renewable energy sources or RES capture their energy from exixting flows of energy, from on-goingnatural processes, such as sunshine, wind, flowing water, biological processes, and geothermal-heat flows. The most (a) — (pre-modify the noun) definition is that renewable energy is from an (b) — (pre-modify the noun with a noun adjective) resource that is replaced (c) — (post modify the verb with an adverb) by a natural process such as power generated from the sun or from the wind. Most renewable forms of energy, other than geothermal and tidal power, ultimately come (d) – (post modify the verb with a prepositional phrase). (e) – (Use determiner to pre modify the noun) forms are stored solar energy such as rainfall and wind power which are considered short-term (f) — (Use noun phrase as post modifier), whereas the energy in biomass is accumulated (g) – (post modify the verb with an adverbial phrase of time), as in straw, or through many years as in wood. (h) — (pre modify the noun phrase with a participle) renewable energy by plants, animals and humans does not permanently deplete the resource. Fossil fuels, while theoretically renewable on a very long timescale, are exploited at rates that may deplete these resources in the (i) —- (pre modify the noun) future. Renewable energy resources may be used directly, or used (i) – (Use infinitive phrase to post modify the verb).

(Jhenidah Cadet College, Jhenidah-2018

Question 34.  A young girl was crying (a) — (post-modify the verb). So, I went to her (b) — (use infinitive to postmodify the verb) what happened to her. (c) – (use present participle to pre-modify the verb) near her, I came to know that she lost (d) — (use a noun phrase to post-modify the verb). She told me that she had come to the market with her parents. But as the place was (e) — (pre-modify with an intensifier) crowded, she could not follow them. I felt (1) – (Pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) sorry for the girl and took her with me. (g) – (pre-modify the verb with a present participle phrase), I gave her food. The girl became happy (h) — (use an infinitive phrase to postmodify the adjective) and slept soon. Next morning I went to the (i) – (pre-modify the noun) police station and informed the duty officer about the girl (j) — (post-modify the noun with a relative

pronoun) I got in the market place. [Barishal Cadet College, Barishal-2018; Lakshmipur Govt. College, Lakshmipur-2017

Question 35.  AB widely known as Ayub Bacchu (a) —- (Use an appositive) was born in 16th August 1962 in Chattogram, Bangladesh. He started his music career with the (b) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) band FEELINGS in 1978. Afterwards, he joined another (d) — (pre-modify the noun band group named SOULS as lead guitarist. In 1991, he left SOULS (C) —- (use an infinitive) his own band named Love Runs Blind that is known (e) — (use a prepositional phrase) mostly as LRB. LRB released its first album as a double album, which contained hard rock songs inlcuding “Ghum Vanga Shohore”, “Madhobi”, “Hoker”, “Sesh Cithi Keno Amon Chithi Hoy”, “Happy”, and “Dhakar Sondha . Bachchu, later on, collaborated with Radio Foorti (f) — (use an infinitive) the new talents and fresh voices (g) — (use a prepositional phrase) by giving them a platform to perform and shine. He was one of the leaders of Bangladesh Musical Bands Association named BAMBA. This (h) — (use a noun-adjective) magician (h) (use a past participle verb) from lungs problems for long and on 186 October 2018 he died of cardiac failure at his residence in Magbazar. He was laid (i) (use an infinitive to post-modify the verb) in his hometown Chattogram alongside his mother at the Choitonno Goli graveyard. However, this great musician will live forever in the hearts of music lovers all (k) (use an adverbial of place).

[Joypurhat Girls’ Cadet College, Joypurhat-2018

Question 36.  Much before the British (a) — (pre-modify the noun with an adjective) rule, India was involved in (b) – (use an article to pre-modify the noun) global slave trade that included Arabia, East Africa, the Persian Gulf, Mauritius, Indonesia and South Africa, although after the East India Company gained a foothold (c) _ (post-modify the verb with an adverbial phrase), the company itself legitimised and took part in the (d) – (use a noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) trade. For example, take Governor General Lord Auckland’s argument against legislation banning slavery that slavery provides “mutual advantages” to (e) — (use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun) the slaves and the masters. (f) — (pre-modify the adverbial phrase with another adverb) in the 1840s, a decade after Britain’s much-touted Slavery Abolition Act of 1833, conservative estimates suggest that there were half a million slaves in the British territories (g) — (place an adverbial phrase after the noun). Slaves were transported from (h) — (pre-modify the noun with an adjective) distances into Bengal, including Coffees and Habshis (African slaves); however, (i) — (pre-modify the noun with a quantifier) slaves were indigenous people, mostly war captives, abducted children, or the rural poor (j) — (post-modify the noun with a relative clause).

[Notre Dame College, Dhaka-2018

Question 37.  Nelson Mandela, (a) — (post-modify the noun with an appositive), is one of the greatest leaders of the world. During (b) — (use determiner) time of Mandela, the Europeans were separated from the non-Europeans. It was (c) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) policy of racial segregation. The blacks were subjected to (d) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) sorts of indignities. They were denied all basic (e) – (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) rights. They were in fact aliens in (f) – (use possessive to pre-modify the noun phrase) own country. Theblacks were also treated (g) —— (use an adverb to post-modify the verb). Even dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks. The (h) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice. Unfortunately, (i) – – (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) great man was thrown behind the prison bars. But the oppressive ruler could not break his (j). — (use a present participle to pre-modify the noun) spirit.

(Rajuk Uttara Model College, Dhaka-2018; Holy Cross College, Dhaka-2018; Motijheel Model High School & College, Dhaka-2018; Dhaka College, Dhaka-2017; Govt. Ananda Mohan College, Mymensingh-2017; Kumudini Govt. College, Tangail-2017; Govt. M.M. College, Jashore-2017]

Question 38.  On a rainy day it rains (a) —- (post-modify the verb) all day long. The sky remains overcast with (b) – (pre-modify the noun) clouds. People cannot go out without (c) – (pre-modify the noun with a determiner) umbrella. It affects our (d) —- (pre-modify the noun) activities. Even the schools and colleges are shut down. But many people like (e) —- (post-modify they verb with an infinitive phrase) in the rain. They go to the (f) —- (pre-modify the noun) space and enjoy the rain. The working class people suffer a lot (g) -_ (post-modify the verb). They do not get work and spend a (h) —- (premodify the noun) day which brings misfortune to them. They cannot earn (i) < (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) their family. So, a (j) — (pre-modify the noun) day is a curse to the poor.

[Viqarunnisa Noon College, Dhaka (Set: Al-2018]

Question 39.  Once upon a time a (a) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) fox was roaming (b) – (use an adverb phrase to post-modify the verb). He looked but could not find anything (c) (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). He was feeling very weak and tired due to hunger. (d) — (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb) he saw a garden at a distance. He went there without (e) — (use determiner to pre-modify the noun) delay. In the garden the fox saw (f) — (use article to premodify the noun) number of grape vines. (g) – (use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun phrase) grapes looked very delicious. The fox licked (h) —- (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) tongue. However, the grapes were out of his reach. The fox tried (i) —- (use an adverbial to post-modify the verb). But he failed (i) ——- (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb).

[Ideal School & College, Motijheel, Dhaka (Set : Rabindranath]-2018; Govt. Sarada Sundari Mohila College, Faridpur-2017]

Question 40.  My mother (a) ——- (use an appositive to post-modify the noun phrase), is a (b) —- (pre-modify the noun) guardian. Though she is a housewife, she is a (c) – (pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) wise person. She advises me (d) —- (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) my knowledge. She tells me to go to college (e) —- (post-modify the verb with an adverb). She encourages me to follow (f) — (use a determiner to pre-modify the noun phrase) honest path. She is really a great woman because she tells me to help the (g) —- (pre-modify the noun) students. She teaches me (h) —- (use a relative clause to pre-modify the prepositional phrase) between right and wrong. In fact, (i) — (use, a possessive to pre-modify the noun) mother is an ideal mother. () –(use a present participle to pre-modify the noun) her advice I also want to be an ideal person.

(Ideal School & College, Motijheel, Dhaka (Set: Newton)-2018]

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